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Florida Gulf Coast University

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Dept of Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Melodie H. Eichbauer

Assistant Professor of Medieval History & Program Leader for History BA
Phone: (239) 590-1245
E-Mail: meichbauer@fgcu.edu
Office: MH 188

Education
  • Ph.D., History, The Catholic University of America, 2010
  • M.A., History, The Catholic University of America, 2004
  • M.A., Medieval Studies, Western Michigan University, 2000
  • B.A., History, Western Michigan University, 1998

Research and Teaching Interests: Medieval Europe: legal history (the Ius commune, canon law, Roman law, secular law); ecclesiastical history (history of the papacy, history of Christianity, ecclesiology, Crusades, and Inquisition); religious culture (orthodoxy, saints, monasticism, heresy, and witchcraft); political culture (feudalism and the rise of the territorial state in England, France, and the Holy Roman Empire); Late Antiquity: Germanic Kingdoms; Early Modern Europe: Renaissance and Reformation.

Courses Offered:

  • EUH 2021 Medieval European History
  • EUH 3121 Fall of the Roman Empire and Barbarian Kingdoms
  • EUH 3122 High and Later Middle Ages
  • EUH 3142 Renaissance and Reformation
  • EUH 4124 The Crusades
  • EUH 4610 Women & Family in the Middle Ages
  • EUH 4180 Medieval Heresy and Inquisition
  • EUH 6939 (Seminar in European History) Readings in Medieval History
  • EUH 6939 (Seminar in European History) Europe's Long Twelfth-Century: A Question of Order
  • IDH 1930 (Honors Reading): Literature & Medieval Social Values
  • ISS 2011 (Honors): Medieval Heresy, Witchcraft, and Inquisition

Monograph in progress: The Concordia discordantium canonum and the Long Twelfth Century: Gratian amid an Age of Continuity and Change (provisional title)

This work examines the "long twelfth century" (c. 1050–c.1215) through the lens of canon law and places the Decretum within a broader dialogue. I pay particular attention to how the treatment of important themes, which Gratian augmented in stages, reflects continuity and change, which, by their very nature, are wedded to the problems of periodization. The work begins with an overview of the major eleventh and early twelfth-century collections that preceded the Decretum in order to understand the milieu in which Gratian worked and the sources upon which he relied. I consider two intertwining questions: periodization and the traditional reform paradigm equating reform with papal and imperial intransigence. Using the idea of tracts (a group of distinction or cases that addressed a specific and insular topic) and clusters (cases threaded together into a thematic unit) as the organizing principle, I will assess the extent to which the Decretum's early textual tradition engages with or synthesizes reform efforts. Gratian though never thought of his work as a finished product. The blocks of texts added illustrate the subjects which Gratian found necessary to augment when he expanded the Decretum. They can deviate entirely from the early tradition, take the discussion in a related direction, or reinforce the point made previously. An examination of these additions in conjunction with the commentary of the twelfth-century Decretists will highlight the extent to which the issues Gratian augmented reflect a shift in focus/concern at the time. Understanding that Decretum was the product of continuous updating allows us to reconsider the connection between Gratian, the canonists of the reform era, the Decretists, and the socio-political and intellectual climate.

Books:

  • Edited with: Kenneth Pennington, Law as Profession and Practice in Medieval Europe: Essays Dedicated to James Brundage (Farnham, Surrey, Burlington, VT: Ashgate, 2011)

Articles:

  • "Medieval Inquisitorial Procedure: Procedural Rights and the Question of Due Process in the Thirteenth Century," History Compass 12, no. 1 (2014): 72–83.
  • "Gratian's Decretum and the Changing Historiographical Landscape," History Compass 11, no. 12 (2013): 1111–1125.
  • "Causae 23–26: The Causae hereticorum or the Causae de obedientia et officio," Proceedings of the XIV International Congress of Medieval Canon Law, University of Toronto (8–11 August 2012), ed. Joseph Goering and Stephan Dusil (Monumenta Iuris Canonici, Series C: Subsidia; Città Vaticana: Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana), submitted for initial review.
  • "The Bishop with Two Hats: Reconciling Episcopal and Military Obligations in Gratian's Decretum," in Nicola Foote and Nadya Popov (eds.), Proceedings of the Civilians and Warfare in World History: An International Conference (Leiden: Brill), submitted for initial review.
  • "From the First to the Second Recension: The Progressive Evolution of the Decretum," Bulletin of Medieval Canon Law 29 (2012): 119–167.
  • "St. Gall Stiftsbibliothek 673 and the Early Redactions of Gratian's Decretum," Bulletin of Medieval Canon Law 27 (2007): 105–139.
  • "Alphonsus Bonihominis' Conversionary Letter from Rabbi Samuel to Rabbi Isaac." Publications of the Medieval Association of the Midwest 9 (2002): 15–39.

Critical Editions:

  • Co-Editor, Lectiones Propriae in Codice Sangallensi 673 Repertae to the Decretum Gratiani: First Recension, ed. Anders Winroth. Project supported by the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, Yale University, and the Stephan Kuttner Institute of Medieval Canon Law.

Minor Publications:

  • Review of Carolingian Canon Law Project, Digital Philology (forthcoming 2014)
  • Review of Freeman, Charles Freeman, Holy Bones, Holy Dust: How Relics Shaped the History of Medieval Europe (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2012), History: Reviews of New Books 42, no. 1 (2014): 28.
  • "Select Bibliography of Essays and Books for 2012–2013," Bulletin of Medieval Canon Law 30 (2013): 183–210.
  • Review of The History of Byzantine and Eastern Canon Law to 1500, edited by Wilfried Hartmann and Kenneth Pennington, The Medieval Review, available at https://scholarworks.iu.edu/dspace/handle/2022/14706
  • "Select Bibliography of Essays and Books for 2010–2011," Bulletin of Medieval Canon Law 29 (2012): 249–268.
  • "Introduction," Law as Profession and Practice in Medieval Europe: Essays Dedicated to James Brundage, eds. Kenneth Pennington and Melodie H. Eichbauer (Burlington: Variorum), pp. 1–7.
  • "Bibliography of James A. Brundage's Published Works," Law as Profession and Practice in Medieval Europe: Essays Dedicated to James Brundage, eds. Kenneth Pennington and Melodie H. Eichbauer (Burlington: Variorum), pp. 387–415.
  • "Select Bibliography of Essays and Books for 2007–2009," Bulletin of Medieval Canon Law 28 (2011): 153–168.

Conference Presentations:

  • "Challenging Our Understanding of Causae 23–26 in Gratian's Decretum as the Causae hereticorum," paper presented at the New College Conference on Medieval & Renaissance Studies, 6–8 March 2014.
  • "Navigating Murky Waters: Gratian's Understanding of Reform Principles" in the session "Letters and Law in the Long Twelfth Century: Correspondence and the Application of Church Law in Medieval Society" sponsored by the Stephan Kuttner Institute of Medieval Canon Law at the 48th International Congress on Medieval Studies, Western Michigan University, 9–13 May 2013.
  • "'So Jesus was a Cracker?': Teaching Medieval Orthodoxy and Heterodoxy at a State University," paper delivered to the special session "Subversive Christianities in the 21st Century College Classroom" at the 28th Biennial Conference on Faith and History, Gordon College (MA), 4–6 October 2012.
  • "The Teaching of Substantive Law in Causae 22–26 of Gratian's Decretum," paper delivered at the XIV International Congress of Medieval Canon Law, Saint Michael's College in the University of Toronto, 5–11 August 2012.
  • "Reform Ideology and the Teaching of Substantive Law in Causae 22–26 of Gratian's Decretum," paper delivered to the special session "Re-thinking Reform: Law and Change in the Eleventh and Twelfth Centuries" at the 47th International Congress on Medieval Studies, Western Michigan University, 10–13 May 2012.
  • "The Bishop with Two Hats: Substantive Law and the Balancing of Episcopal versus Military Obligations in Gratian's Decretum," paper delivered at Civilians and Warfare in World History: An International Conference, Florida Gulf Coast University, Fort Myers, FL, 23–25 February 2012.
  • "Law and Marriage: Twelfth-Century Canon Law and Social Realities," paper delivered at the special session "Reading Legal Sources" at the 46th International Congress on Medieval Studies, Western Michigan University, 12–15 May 2011.
  • "Oaths and Bonds of Obedience in the Canonical Jurisprudence of Gratian's Decretum," paper delivered at the 42nd International Congress on Medieval Studies, Western Michigan University, Kalamazoo, Michigan, 10–13 May 2007.
  • "Gratian, Just War, and the Church: Causa 23, Questiones II & III of the Decretum," paper delivered at the 39th International Congress on Medieval Studies, Western Michigan University, Kalamazoo, Michigan, 6–9 May 2004.
  • "Agobard of Lyons and the Jews: A Reconsideration," paper delivered at the 38th International Congress on Medieval Studies, Kalamazoo, Western Michigan University, Michigan, 8–11 May.
  • "The Question of Authorship in the Epistle of Rabbi Samuel of Morocco," paper delivered at the 36th International Congress on Medieval Studies, Western Michigan University, Kalamazoo, Michigan, 3–6 May 2001.
  • "Hugh of St. Victor's Treatment of the Jews in his De Sacramentis," paper delivered at the 35th International Congress on Medieval Studies, Western Michigan University, Kalamazoo, Michigan, 4–7 May 2000.

Grants, Honors and Awards:

  • NEH Summer Seminar "Reform & Renewal in Medieval Rome" directed by Maureen C. Miller (University of California, Berkeley) and William L. North (Carleton College) and held at the American Academy in Rome, 23 June–26 July 2014.
  • Junior Faculty Teaching Excellence Award 2013–2014.
  • Honors Fellow, FGCU Honors Program, 2014-2017.
  • First Honorable Mention, Snyder Prize for the most outstanding paper presented by a junior scholar at The 19th Biennial New College Conference on Medieval & Renaissance Studies (Sarasota, FL), 6-8 March 2014.
  • Finalist, Junior Faculty Teaching Excellence Award, FGCU, 2013.
  • Heckman Stipend to conduct research on the monograph in progress "Gratian's Oath Twelfth-Century Ecclesiology amid Changing Social Norms" at the Hill Monastic Manuscript Library, Saint John's University (Collegeville, Minnesota), May 2012.
  • Postdoctoral Stipendium, the Max-Planck-Institut für europäische Rechtsgeschichte (Frankfurt am Main, Germany), June 2011.
  • Doctoral Stipendium, the Max-Planck-Institut für europäische Rechtsgeschichte (Frankfurt am Main, Germany), 1 April – 30 June 2009.
  • Research Grant, to the Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale di Firenze from the School of Theology and Religious Studies, The Catholic University of America, October 2007.
  • Travel Grant, to the International School of the Ius commune (Erice, Sicily) from the Gladys Krieble Delmas Foundation, 3–11 October 2007.
  • Travel Grant, to the International School of the Ius commune from the School of Canon Law, The Catholic University of America, 5–11 October 2006.
  • Travel Grant, to the International School of the Ius commune from the Gladys Krieble Delmas Foundation, 21–28 October 2005.
  • Travel Grant, to the International School of the Ius commune from the Gladys Krieble Delmas Foundation, 2–8 October 2003.
  • Cecily Angleton Scholar for Post-Graduate Study in Medieval History, The Catholic University of America, 2001–2003.
  • Research/Travel Grant (2 awards), to the Bibliothèque Nationale de France from Western Michigan University Graduate College, December 2009.

Service to the Profession:

  • Editor, The Medieval Review, 2012–2014 External Reviewer, Department of History, Ave Maria University, Ave Maria, FL, 2014
  • External Reviewer, Department of History, Ave Maria University, Ave Maria, FL, 2013
  • Councilor, EPISCOPUS: Society for the Study of Bishops and Secular Clergy in the Middle Ages, 2012–2014.
  • Session Organizer, "'It Sounds Great, in Theory': Crusading, Inquisition, and the Juxtaposition of Academic Discussion and Legal Practice," sponsored by International Society of Medieval Canon Law, Symposium on Medieval and Renaissance Studies. St. Louis University, 17–19 June 2013.
  • Session Organizer and Presider, "Law and Order: Legal Developments and their Political and Social Implications" sponsored by The Stephan Kuttner Institute of Medieval Canon Law, 45th International Congress on Medieval Studies, Western Michigan University, 13 May 2010.
  • Financial Coordinator, XII International Congress of Medieval Canon Law organized by Uta-Renate Blumenthal and Kenneth Pennington, The Catholic University of America, 1–7 August 2004.
  • Assistant to the Director, Paul E. Szarmach, 35th International Congress on Medieval Studies, Western Michigan University, 4–7 May 2000. Assistant to the Congress Coordinator, 34th International Congress on Medieval Studies, Western Michigan University, 6–9 May 1999.
  • Member of Search Committee, Industrial and Organizational Psychology, 2010-2011 AY

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