What Are Frames?
Frames divide a web page into sections that each have a different
HTML source page and their own set of scroll bars. They can be useful
for any site that requires part of the screen to remain static while
the remainder of the screen can be scrolled. One example is site
navigation where links can be placed in one frame and the scrolling
page content is placed in another. There are several disadvantages
to using frames including slower download time and problems with
linking and printing so be sure to use them only if necessary.
As an example, the Web Boards used for many courses at FGCU use
frames. The black navigation bar, Conferences list, and main content
frame are the three independent frames, each having their own HTML
Frames pages actually consist of several HTML pages and the exact
number depends on the number of frames on the page. The main page
is called the parent page. This web page contains the instructions
for the format and location of the frames, and a link to the initial
loading page for each frame, but does not include the actual text
or graphics that appear on the page. Each frame then has its own
HTML source page that contains the text and graphics for that frame.
Therefore, the WebBoard page displayed above actually consists of
four pages: the parent and three frame source pages. You will need
to keep this structure in mind when you save a frames page as FrontPage
will prompt you to save each of these pages.
Create a Frames Page
Create a frames page by following these steps:
- Select File|New|Page from the menu bar and click the
Frames Pages tab.
- Preview each of the choices by clicking on an icon once with
the mouse and seeing the Preview window. Select the icon
of the frames format you would like to use and click OK.
- When viewed in Page view, the web page will be divided
into frames and each frame will have "Set Initial Page..."
and "New Page" buttons. Click New Page if the
source page for the frame does not yet exist. The frame will immediately
turn white after the button is clicked and you will be able to
type and add graphics just like a normal web page. Click Set
Initial Page if the source page for the frame has already
been created and select the file from the dialog box.
- Save the frames pages by selecting Files|Save As from
the menu bar. You will be prompted to save the main frame page
first followed by each of the frame source pages. The diagram
will highlight the page you are saving. Below, the diagram highlights
all of the frames in blue, indicating that the main frame page
is being saved:
In the image below, the source of the top frame is being saved:
Right-click on a frame either before or after its content page
has been identified and select Frame Properties from the
Assign a name to each frame for linking purposes.
Assign the initial HTML source page.
Designate the width and height of the frame in absolute pixels
or as a percentage of the screen.
Check "Resizeable in Browser" if the user should
be able to click and drag the frame borders to resize them.
Make a selection from "Show scroll bars" if scroll
bars should be visible in the frame.
Linking in Frames
When creating a link from a frames page, click the pencil button
next to the Target frame option on the Create Hyperlink
dialog box. Select the proper target for the link from the Common
will load the page in the default frame indicated in parentheses.
Same Frame will load the new
page in the same frame.
New Window will open a new browser
Parent Window will load the
page in the current window.
No Frames Page
Early versions of browsers do not support, so it is necessary
to prepare a page for visitors using these browsers. Build the "No
Frames" page from the tab at the bottom of the screen. Use
this page to link to individual main frame source pages in your
site or provide links to download sites for the latest versions
of Netscape Navigator and Microsoft Internet Explorer.