William J. Mitsch
Everglades Wetland Research Park
Juliet C. Sproul Chair for Southwest Florida Habitat Restoration and Management
110 Kapnick Center
Florida Gulf Coast University
4940 Bayshore Drive
Naples Florida 34112 USA
+1 239 325 1365
Free lecture offers ecology lessons for SW Florida (FGCU360, January 13, 2017)
Despite Extensive Flooding and Pollution in 2016, EWRP Study finds that Florida Everglades National Park Is Still Receiving Relatively Clean Water (December 3, 2016)
Kelley Yeoman (a student at Florida Gulf Coast University) and Bill Mitsch presented a research poster yesterday showing that the Florida Everglades National Park is still receiving relatively clean water from the north despite major flooding of polluted water from Lake Okeechobee in the spring, most of which went directly east and west to our sensitive estuaries on the Gulf of Mexico and Atlantic Ocean instead. We need to stop the pollution now so it does not go to any of these ecosystems.
Kelly is a real Floridian and an experienced airboat driver. She drove her airboat hundreds of miles north to south from I-75 to Tamiami Trail (Rt 41) six times in the last year to take water samples for this study. One of the best water sampling efforts by any of my students ever! And congratulations too to Kellley on her completion of her B.S. degree in Environmental Studies at FGCU at graduation next week!
Collier County, FGCU to study Freedom Park Wetlands (Naples Daily News, November 17, 2016)
FGCU’s 2017 Bernard and Susan Master Moonlight on the Marsh Lecture Series to Feature Florida’s Nation’s and World’s Water Issues (Press Release, November 11, 2016)
FGCU, Collier County partner to study water quality (FGCU 360, October 31, 2016)
EWRP presence is prominent at International Ecology Congress “EcoSummit 2016” in Montpellier France (September 1, 2016)
The Everglades Wetland Research Park was well represented at EcoSummit 2016 in Montpellier France on August 29 – September 1, 2016. With 12 papers/posters and coordination of 3 special sessions, FGCU’s presence was far more than any other Florida state university. In addition, an NSF grant received by FGCU supported 17 American scientists to attend this event, including 4 of the FGCU participants.
EcoSummit 2016 provided a forum for more than 1300 delegates from 75 countries to focus on finding solutions for today’s massive environmental problems including pollution in the Florida Everglades and the Laurentian Great Lakes in the USA. Sessions were held on ecological engineering, ecological restoration, green infrastructure, adaptation to climate change, earth stewardship, ecohydrology, eco-informatics, ecological modeling, sustainable agriculture, protection of biodiversity, carbon sequestration, human ecology and enhancement of ecosystem services.
EcoSummit 2016 hosted11 plenary presentations by some of the world’s premier ecologists and environmental scientists and over 750 presentations in 93 scientific sessions. There were also 15 side events in the form of workshops, round tables and world cafés. More than 600 posters were also displayed during EcoSummit 2016.
Lake Erie, S. Florida algae crises share common toxins and causes (Toledo Blade, July 24, 2016)
"Putting excess nutrients in lakes, reservoirs, and rivers that flow directly to coastlines is nuts." – Bill Mitsch, Director, Everglades Wetland Research Park
Toxic Algae Flourish As Everglades Solution Eludes Florida (Circle of Blue-WaterNews, July 7, 2016)
"What’s going on in Florida, it’s happening all around the world now." – Bill Mitsch, Director, Everglades Wetland Research Park
Climate-changing carbon loss from mangroves preventable - say Bangor scientists (News Release -Bangor University, June 13, 2016)
A team of researchers, led by Bangor University, say they have the potential to stop climate-changing amounts of gases, such as carbon dioxide, from leaving tropical mangroves if they are damaged or cut-down. Currently mangroves, which are unique forests found along the coast around the equator, store huge amounts of carbon in their soils. It's feared that deforestation and climate change may damage these fragile ecosystems causing the release of this carbon - much of it as carbon dioxide, a well-known greenhouse gas. In a rare collaboration, two of the world's leading wetland scientists joined forces to look at the problem - Prof Chris Freeman, from Bangor University and Prof Bill Mitsch, from Florida Gulf Coast University. The researchers were by Saraswati, an international student from India on Bangor University’s unique Wetland Science and Conservation MSc degree run by Dr Christian Dunn. The group found that the natural processes keeping the carbon locked away in some of the mangrove soils are almost exactly the same as those found in other wetlands, such as the fens and bogs of north Wales.
POST-DOC WINS MITSCH AND GOSSELINK TEXTBOOK “WETLANDS” AT CONFERENCE IN TEXAS (June 2, 2016)
At the Society of Wetland Scientist’s national wetland conference in Corpus Christi Texas on June 2, 2016, their silent auction included auctioning two copies of the 5th edition of the Wetlands textbook authored by EWRP Director Bill Mitsch and Jim Gosselink. But instead of a high bid winning one of the books, the only requirements were to be 30 years old or younger and have a vision about saving the world’s wetlands. We received several interesting applications. The winner was Bianca Wentzell, a post-doc from Montclair State University in Montclair, New Jersey, seen here with Dr. Mitsch. Bianca had a good plan of devoting her career to being both a wetland researcher and an environmental educator. Congratulations Bianca!
PHOSPHORUS AND NITROGEN AND CARBON, OH MY! —EWRP Director and Professor William J. Mitsch presents his vision of mitigating and solving some of the planet’s most damaging and difficult water and atmospheric pollution problems while, at the same time, reversing a many-century trend of losing wetlands in the world. This presentation was at Kristianstad University, in Kristianstad, Scania, Sweden, on May 26, 2016.
Water-Quality Concerns Aired on Florida Everglades Reservoir Project (ENR Engineering News-Record, May 26, 2016)
RUNOFF AND WATER QUALITY RADIO DISCUSSION (May 6, 2016)
Professor Bill Mitsch, Director of the EWRP, discusses runoff and water quality on a live talkshow on WOSU, Ohio’s flagship NPR radio station. Hear the recording here.
PHOSPHORUS AND NITROGEN AND CARBON, OH MY! The role of wetlands in mitigating pollutants in our landscape and globe —(OSUMansfield OCIO, Streamed live on May 5, 2016)
Bill Mitsch delivered a presentation on Thursday, May 5, 1:00-2:00 pm, on the Mansfield campus (151 Riedl Hall) at The Ohio State University. Dr. Mitsch was Distinguished Professor of Environmental Science at OSU and he is also the Founding Director of the Olentangy River Wetland Research Park.
CONOR MACDONALD RECEIVES 2016 GRADUATE STUDENT OF THE YEAR AWARD AT FGCU
April 22, 2016—At FGCU’s 19th Annual Celebration of Excellence held on campus today, EWRP grad student Conor MacDonnell was awarded the College of Arts & Science’s Graduate Student of the Year Award. Conor received his B.S. in Biology at the College of William and Mary cum laude in 2014 and joined FGCU’s Everglades Wetland Research Park in Naples Florida as a Research Assistant and as an M.S. graduate student in Environmental Sciences in summer 2014 under Bill Mitsch. Conor’s thesis research is on how mangrove wetlands and their tidal creeks affect water quality in adjacent estuaries. This is an important factor related to estuarine fisheries, which have been on the decline in the past few decades in the Naples Bay region where most of his research is focused. Conor is active in many volunteer activities related to the environment in SW Florida and has won several student awards. He is planning on continuing his graduate career as a Ph.D. student in the Soils and Water Department at University of Florida, where he has been awarded a multi-year fellowship starting Fall Semester 2016.
Congratulations to Conor!!!!
Dr. Mitsch speaks at 2016 Friends of Fakahatchee Annual Members Meeting and Dinner (April 10, 2016)
FGCU “Moonlight on the Marsh” Lecture Explores Everglades’ Unique Ecology and Importance of Its Restoration - Popular science series continues Feb. 11 in Naples (FGCU Press Release, February 9, 2016 )
Red tide adding to water troubles (The News-Press, February 3, 2016)
FGCU staff, students host event to share wetlands research (Naples Daily News, February 3, 2016)
US Corps of Engineers was Unprepared for Wet January, says Local Wetlands Expert (Naples Herald, February 3, 2016)
Scientists: Wetlands need protection (The News-Press, February 2, 2016)
FGCU’s Everglades Wetland Research Park welcomes public for International Wetlands Day, Feb. 2 (FGCU Press Release, January 28, 2016)
Experts on climate change, water shine in ‘Moonlight on the Marsh’(Florida Weekly, January 21, 2016)
Professors Ellen Mosley-Thompson and Lonnie Thompson preparing their presentation at the Everglades Wetland Research Park in the Kapnick Center for the inaugural 2016 Bernard and Susan Master “Moonlight on the Marsh” lecture in Naples, Florida
The 2016 Bernard and Susan Master "Moonlight on the Marsh" Lectures Feature Experts on Climate Change and Water Issues (FGCU Press Release, December 3, 2015)
Reflections on an American Scientist Visiting Cuba (November 1-5, 2015)
Blue Carbon workshop was held at Everglades Wetland Research Park (October 22, 2015)
FGCU Professor joins fellow Stockholm Water Prize Laureates in Germany (October 7, 2015)
A reunion of three Stockholm Water Prize Laureates was held at a one-day workshop entitled “Sustainable management of natural and engineering landscapes” on Tuesday October 6, 2015, in Munich, Germany. Left to right in the group picture: Prof. Peter A. Wilderer, Technical University Munich (TUM), Germany; Prof. Sven Erik Jorgensen, University of Copenhagen, Denmark; Prof. William J Mitsch, Florida Gulf Coast University, USA. The event was held at the sleek and bustling campus of TUM and the Max Planck Institute in suburban Munich.
German Class Visits FGCU’s Everglades Wetland Research Park (September 23, 2015)
Twenty-nine Masters students majoring in Human Geography at the Institute of Geography at University of Cologne, Germany, along with 4 instructors. visited FGCU’s Everglades Wetland Research Park (EWRP) in Naples on Wednesday, September 23, 2015. They were given a presentation in the Kapnick Center on research, teaching, and outreach at the Everglades Wetland Research Park. They had read several recent EWRP research papers prior to coming to the USA so they were knowledgeable and quite interested in our wetland research. They asked many questions about how humans impact the Everglades and about the Everglades restoration. They also toured our research lab in the Kapnick. For most, it was their first visit to Florida. They also visited Corkscrew Swamp where FGCU Environmental Science graduate student Andrea Pereyra showed them the different wetland habitats and described the EWRP research there. They saw a big gator there, so they were pretty happy about their visit to SW Florida.
Stockholm Water Prize (SWP) winners at 25th Anniversary of the Prize in City Hall, Stockholm with Swedish King Carl XVI Gustaf (August 26, 2015)
left to right: Prof. John Anthony Allan, King’s College Great Britain (2008 SWP Laureate); Ms. Barbara Frost, representing WaterAid, Great Britain (1995 SWP Winner); Prof. Mogens Henze, representing Department of Environmental Engineering, Technical University of Denmark (1992 SWP Winner); His Excellency King Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden; Prof. William J. Mitsch, Florida Gulf Coast University, USA (2004 SWP Laureate); Prof. Rita Colwell, University of Maryland and Johns Hopkins University, USA (2010 SWP Laureate); Shri Rajendra Singh, Rajasthan, India (2015 SWP Laureate); Mr. Jeremy Bird, representing The International Water Management Institute, Colombo, Sri Lanka (2012 SWP Winner)
Stockholm Water Prize celebrates its Silver Jubilee (World Water Week, SIWI, August 21, 2015)
Bill Mitsch proved Thomas Wolfe wrong - you can go home again (The Intelligencer / Wheeling News-Register, August 9, 2015)
FGCU Professor Wins International Award For Everglades Work (Naples Herald, June 19, 2015)
FGCU Wetlands Expert Earns International Honor: Ramsar Merit Award Recognizes Mitsch for Contributions to Science (FGCU New Press, June 12, 2015)
Bill Mitsch received Ramsar Award for Merit 2015 (June 3, 2015)
Bill Mitsch in the CCTV America (May 19, 2015)
Bernard and Susan Master “Moonlight on the Marsh” Series Features Expert on Coastal “Dead Zones” (FGCU New Press, March 11, 2015)
Bernard and Susan Master "Moonlight on the Marsh" Series Features Expert on River and Watershed Restoration (FGCU New Press, Feb 25, 2015)
Climate change - Local efforts modest in dealing with a warming planet (Florida Weekly, Feb 11, 2015)
Bernard and Susan Master "Moonlight on the Marsh" Series Features Expert on Water Resources in Middle East (FGCU New Press, Feb 5, 2015)
Professor Gail Chmura from McGill University lectures on marshes, mangroves, and mud to kick off the 2015 Moonlight lecture series at EWRP (January 16, 2015)
We had a great kickoff to our 2015 Moonlight on the Marsh lecture series in Naples Florida Thursday evening January 15, 2015. A social event prior to the lecture itself was held for our Everglades Wetland Research Park advisory committee on our patio that looks over a pretty scene of a lake and the botanical garden. That event was half Floridians and half Ohio Buckeyes! The lecture by Prof. Gail Chmura of McGill University (Montreal Canada) entitled LOSING MONEY WITH THE MUD?--HOW SEA LEVEL RISE WILL AFFECT CARBON ACCUMULATION IN SALT MARSH AND MANGROVE WETLANDS covered climate change, coastal wetlands and carbon sequestration and was nicely presented to the audience of about 85 that included the committee, an FGCU class of 26, some FGCU faculty and staff, and the public.
Good start to the lecture series, which continues every 2 weeks in Naples with a different distinguished lecturer and focus group for the social event. Next speaker on January 29 is Prof. Tom Bianchi from University of Florida and our guest organization and co-sponsor will be the University of Florida alumni clubs in SW Florida.
The 2015 Moonlight on the Marsh lecture series is sponsored by Bernard and Susan Master from Worthington, Ohio.
Photos from the U.S. National Ramsar Committee (USNRC) wetlands meeting held at the Everglades Wetland Research Park (EWRP) at the Naples Botanical Garden on Tuesday November 18, 2014. Left photo: Picture taken during the meeting of Ralph Tiner, Association of State Wetland Managers, Amherst, MA and Treasurer of USNRC; Suzanne Pittenger Slear, Environmental Concern, St. Michaels, MD and Vice-Chair of USNRC; and Bill Mitsch, Florida Gulf Coast University, Naples, FL and Chair of USNRC. Right photo: Group shot of several of the meeting participants who attended in Naples: Li Zhang, FGCU; Alberto Chavez, Rookery Bay National Estuarine Research Reserve; Bill Mitsch, FGCU (Chair); Kathryn Campbell, Environmental Law Institute, Washington DC; Ralph Tiner, Association of State Wetland Managers (Treasurer); Jaime Boswell, The Nature Conservancy; Ann Birch, The Nature Conservancy; and Suzanne Pittenger Slear, Environmental Concern (Vice-Chair).
Chinese delegation from Shanghai visits EWRP (October 29, 2014)
A group of 7 scientists from Shanghai JiaoTong University and Shanghai Administration Center visited the EWRP on October 29 2014 to explore potential collaboration with our research center. The group, headed by Vice Director - Dehong Wu, Shanghai Administration Center for Ocean Affairs,and Dr. Xuechu Chen, who is currently a visiting scholar at Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, was given an overview of the EWRP and the Everglades by Professor Mitsch. They presented their current project on wetland creation on Hangzhou Bay and sought input on that project. They also visited the South Florida Water Management District in Naples and hosted the EWRP and SFWMD at a banquet at the Naples Chinese restaurant "Chinatown" that evening.
EWRP study published in Ecological Engineering shows that wetlands can created to achieve low concentrations of phosphorus to protect the Florida Everglades (October 25, 2014)
In a paper published recently in the international journal Ecological Engineering entitled PROTECTING THE FLORIDA EVERGLADES WETLANDS WITH WETLANDS: CAN STORMWATER PHOSPHORUS BE REDUCED TO OLIGOTROPHIC CONDITIONS?, scientists illustrated, in a 3-year study near West Palm Beach, Florida, USA, that created wetlands could be constructed to achieve effluents near 10 ppb of phosphorus before the water is discharged into the Florida Everglades. The study, partially funded by the South Florida Water Management District, concluded that "any treatment wetland constructed with local Florida soils and designed to achieve low (∼10–15 ppb P) concentrations would probably take a minimum of 2 years to become sinks of phosphorus" and that "wetlands can be created to achieve these low thresholds if low TP loading and self-design strategies are incorporated into the project design." The study, headed up by Professor William J. Mitsch, expresses caution that achieving 10 ppb or similar concentrations consistently is problematic but that is is possible with the correct plant communities and low-nutrient soils in the wetlands themselves. The researchers attributed this time lag to phosphorus being released from the mesocosm soils that were taken from nearby treatment wetlands. "We are urging caution and further long-term studies on whether wetlands can sustainably achieve these extremely low concentrations of phosphorus that are equivalent to phosphorus concentrations in rainfall' suggests Prof. Mitsch. "Furthermore, these new wetlands would require much large areas to reduce the phosphorus from 30 ppm to approximately 10 ppb than that has been used with the current wetlands (referred to locally as storm water treatment areas (STAs)) that reduce the phosphorus concentrations from 140 ppb to 30 - 40 ppb." The full publication can be found at: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0925857414005424
Restoring the Black Swamp to Save Lake Erie - Bill Mitsch (Blogs hosted by Water Environment Federation, September 4, 2014)
FGCU Group from Naples Lab Tours Eastern China (July 18 - 27, 2014)
REALLY SMART GUYS TALK ABOUT OUR PLANET (July 9, 2014)
Photos of Professor Bill Mitsch’s presentation to the Florida Department of Environmental Protection in Orlando, Florida, including the presentation of a certificate of appreciation to Prof. Mitsch by Danielle Irwin, Deputy Director of Beach Management, Mining & Environmental Resource Protection, Division of Water Resource Management, Florida Department of Environmental Protection, Tallahassee, Florida
Mitsch, Pittenger-Slear, Hahn, and Tiner named Officers of U.S. Ramsar Committee (US Ramsar, May 28, 2014)
Newly chosen officers of the United States National Ramsar Committee at the meeting of the committee in Arlington, Virginia on May 8, 2014. Left to right, Suzanne Pittenger-Slear, Environmental Concern, St. Michaels, MD, Vice-Chair, Deborah Hahn, Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies, Secretary, and Bill Mitsch, Florida Gulf Coast University, Chair. Unavailable for the picture was Ralph Tiner, Association of State Wetland Managers, Treasurer.
Wetlanders are in SWS 2014 annual meeting in Portland, OR (May 18-23, 2014)
FGCU's Director Mitsch participated in UNESCO Ecohydrology workshop in Paris including presentation on Florida Everglades restoration, May 20-21, 2014.
Group photo from UNESCO Ecohydrology workshop in May 20-21, 2014
FGCU's "Moonlight on the Marsh" Series Concludes Feb. 27 With Lecture on Invasive Pythons in Florida (FGCU E-news, February 19, 2014)
FGCU's "Moonlight on the Marsh" Lecture Addresses Reclaiming and Protecting Wetlands (FGCU E-news, February 6, 2014)
FGCU's "Moonlight on the Marsh" Lecture Addresses Beach Pollution Causes, Health Risks and Solutions (FGCU E-news, January 24, 2014)
FGCU's "Moonlight on the Marsh" Lecture Addresses Red Tide Impacts and Potential Solutions (FGCU E-news, January 9, 2014)
When will ecologists learn engineering and engineers learn ecology? (ELSEVIER, January 8, 2014)
Moonlight on the Marsh series opens with lecture on water quality (Florida Weekly, December 18, 2013)
State of the Nation's Wetlands (WOSU All Sides with Ann Fisher, December 5, 2013)
FGCU’s 2013-14 “Moonlight on the Marsh” Series Opens With Lecture on How Wetlands Improve Water Quality (FGCU E-news, December 2, 2013)
Wetland and Carbon lecture from Montpellier France - Bill Mitsch (October 25, 2013)
Invitation to Attend ELI-Stetson Workshop on Wetland Mitigation (October 20, 2013)
Moonlight on the Marsh lectures tackle hot environmental issues (Fort Myers Florida Weekly, September 11, 2013)
July 2013—EVERGLADES WETLAND RESEARCH PARK TEAM TOURS CHINA (PDF)
Farming carbon: Study reveals potent carbon-storage potential of manmade wetlands (Press Release, June, 2013)
FGCU’s new wetlands center presents 6 posters at Research Day 2013 on FGCU campus (EWRP Press Release, April 19, 2013)
Celebrate Earth Day on Monday, April 22, With a Tour of FGCU’s New Everglades Wetland Research Park in Naples (FGCU Press Release, April 17, 2013)
More than plants: wildlife also around at Naples Botanical Garden (Naples Daily News, April 7, 2013)
National Webinar from FGCU's Everglades Wetland Research Park ( ASWM, March 26, 2013)
Wetland Researcher Speaks About Financing Restoration Efforts to Save the Gulf of Mexico in FGCU’s ‘Moonlight on the Marsh’ Lecture Series ( (FGCU Press Release, March 15, 2013)
“Moonlight on the Marsh” Distinguished Lecture Series in Sanibel, Florida (Sanibel-Captiva Conservation Foundation Newsletter, March, 2013)
Donald L. Hey, Ph.D., Founder of The Wetlands Initiative
Noted Coastal Wetland Scientist Speaks at FGCU Lecture Series about Mississippi River, Louisiana Delta and Gulf of Mexico (FGCU Press Release, Feb. 28, 2013)
John W. Day, Jr., Ph.D., Professor Emeritus, School of Coast and Environment, Louisiana State University
Wetland scientist to discuss mangrove protection and management as part of FGCU lecture series (FGCU Press Release, Feb. 18, 2013)
Wetland scientist - Roy R. “Robin” Lewis III (PDF from MOM PPT)
FGCU wetlands center provides systems ecology short course by distinguished Danish professor for FGCU graduate students and professors/researchers from other universities (EWRP Press Release, Feb. 4, 2013)
Students and instructors of Systems Ecology short course held January 31, February 1-2, 2013 at FGCU's Everglades Wetland Research Park at the Kapnick Center in Naples Florida
FGCU wetland scientist gives presentation before a record crowd at FGCU’s Kapnick Center in Naples (EWRP Press Release, Jan. 24, 2013)
Some of the estimated crowd of 170 who came to the Kapnick Center in Naples Florida to hear FGCU Professor Bill Mitsch discuss his current and planned research in wetland creation, restoration, and conservation.
FGCU Everglades scientist contributed to Supreme Court hearing on protecting wetlands (EWRP Press Release, Jan. 15, 2013)
FGCU Wetland Expert to Discuss Everglades Restoration And Gulf of Mexico Pollution, Jan. 24 (FGCU Press Release, Jan. 10, 2013)
Wetlands Warrior Professor brings expertise to environmental front line: The Everglades (FGCU Pinnacle Magazine, Nov. 2012 and Naples Daily News, December 30, 2012)
Research Validates Value of Wetlands as Buffers to Climate Change (FGCU Press Release, December 12, 2012) free access to pdf of scientific article provided by Journal of Landscape Ecology
FGCU wetland scientist receives honor for presentation at international conference(November 30, 2012)
EWRP Director Mitsch gives campus-wide presentation on ecological engineering at Clarkson University, Potsdam, New York (November 29, 2012)
Park could offer model for wetlands restoration (FGCU Pinnacle Magazine, Nov. 2012)
Wetland center launches research boat into Naples Bay in collaboration with other universities (EWRP Release, November 19, 2012)
Ph.D. student Jorge Villla and lab technician Hillary Thompson of the Everglades Wetland Research Park launch the research vessel ORW Natalie for its maiden voyage in Naples Bay on November 19, 2012
Wetland research park conducts professional short course for environmental professionals from 5 states and 2 foreign countries (EWRP Release, November 13, 2012)
Ecological expert series begins Thursday (news-press.com, October 17, 2012)
Everglades Wetland Research Park invites media to free lecture series (FGCU Press Release, October 15, 2012)
FGCU's Everglades Wetland Research Park Launches Public Lecture Series Oct. 18 (FGCU Press Release, October 12, 2012)
FGCU appoints director for new Everglades Wetland Research Park (news-press.com, October 12, 2012)
FGCU welcomes eminent scholar as director of Everglades Wetland Research Park in Naples (FGCU Press Release, October 12, 2012)
FGCU wetland center student and technician awarded EcoSummit 2012 scholarships (EWRP Release, October 6, 2012)
Bill Mitsch leaves OSU for Florida (Columbus Dispatch, September 30, 2012 )
EWRP real-time water quality monitoring system feature story in trade publication (Environmental Monitor, Summer 2012)
EWRP scientists and students present papers at international wetlands meeting in Orlando (June 3-8, 2012)
Visiting Ph.D. student from China helps Naples Garden on pollution study (Naples Botanical Garden Newsletter, May 30, 2012)